The Hezeri language or Gezeri (Хезәрі) is the official national language of Hezeristan. It is a Turkic language of the Oghuz branch, closely related to Turkmen, and slightly less closely to Turkish and Azerbaijani. 93.9% of the people speak Hezeri.
Phonology[edit | edit source]
The following phonemes are present in the Turkmen language:
Vowels[edit | edit source]
Hezeri vowels may be either short or long, and the language exhibits vowel harmony, like all Turkic languages.
|Close vowel||i/и [i]||ü/ү [y]||y/ы [ɯ]||u/у [u]|
|Mid vowel||e/е [e]||ö/ә [ø]||o/о [o]|
|Open vowel||a/а [a]|
In the Hezeri vowel harmony scheme, the central vowel /a/ is considered back.
Consonants[edit | edit source]
Hezeri consonant phonemes:
Alphabet[edit | edit source]
- Ә - pronounced like Ö in German
- Ы - pronounced like Yi in English
Transliteration[edit | edit source]
Most notably, "Х" and the Х-sound (H in English) is often transliterated as "G", as no hard G sound exists in Hezeri. Historically represented as "H", it has largely been replaced by the G, though is still commonly used, though only officially for Hezeristan and the Hezeri language.
Known sound changes[edit | edit source]
- /g/ --> /h/ or /x/
- /d/ --> /n/ word finally