The Hezeri language or Gezeri (Хезәрі) is the official national language of Hezeristan. It is a Turkic language of the Oghuz branch, closely related to Turkmen, and slightly less closely to Turkish and Azerbaijani. 93.9% of the people speak Hezeri.

Phonology[edit | edit source]

The following phonemes are present in the Turkmen language:

Vowels[edit | edit source]

Hezeri vowels may be either short or long, and the language exhibits vowel harmony, like all Turkic languages.

Front |Back
unrounded rounded unrounded rounded
Close vowel i/и [i] ü/ү [y] y/ы [ɯ] u/у [u]
Mid vowel e/е [e] ö/ә [ø] o/о [o]
Open vowel a/а [a]

In the Hezeri vowel harmony scheme, the central vowel /a/ is considered back.

Consonants[edit | edit source]

Hezeri consonant phonemes:

Labial Dental/
alveolar]]
Post-
alveolar
Palatal Velar/
uvular
Glottal
plosive p b
п б
[p] [b]
t d
т д
[t] [d]
k
к
[k]/[q]
nasal m
м
[m]
n
н
[n]
ň
ң
[ŋ]
trill r
р
[r]
fricative f w
ф в
[f]
s z
с з
[s] [z]
ş ž
ш ж
[ʃ] [ʒ]
g
х
[h]/[x]
affricate ç j
ч җ
[t͡ʃ] [d͡ʒ]
approximant l
л
[l]
ý
й
[j]

Alphabet[edit | edit source]

  • Ә - pronounced like Ö in German
  • Ы - pronounced like Yi in English

Transliteration[edit | edit source]

Most notably, "Х" and the Х-sound (H in English) is often transliterated as "G", as no hard G sound exists in Hezeri. Historically represented as "H", it has largely been replaced by the G, though is still commonly used, though only officially for Hezeristan and the Hezeri language.

Known sound changes[edit | edit source]

  • /g/ --> /h/ or /x/
  • /d/ --> /n/ word finally
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.